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What is the meaning of the Name?

This is a very important question in the context of the Bible, because the meaning of the name shows us the person carrying this name. To ask for the name of God is like asking for his character or personality.

That is what Moses asks for in Exodus 3:13, since Moses already knew the name: "Moses said to God, "Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they ask me, 'What is his name?' Then what shall I tell them?""

There is no need to speculate of the meaning, because the Bible itself gives the answer in Exodus 3:14, written in Hebrew:

The New International Version (1984) has translated this text into this:
"God said to Moses, "I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you.'" "

The meaning can be found in the Hebrew words (ehyeh asher ehyeh) where the New International Version has chosen the translation "I am who I am". This is unfortunately not a good rendering. Ehyeh ("I am") is without doubt a future shape qal (active), and is drawn from the word hayah which means "become" or "prove to be". So ehyeh is about what one chooses to be, or chooses to become, or the role a person has. It is used to describe something in the future.

It is worth noticing that the New International Version has chosen to translate this word into "I will be" most of the other places in the Old Testament. For example in verse 12 in the same chapter, the same word ehyeh is used - and here they have translated it into "I will be with you".
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Many bible translations have chosen to use the translation "I will be what I will be" either in the bible text, or in a footnote (see the footnote in f. ex. New International Version).

The thought about God as a person who "will be" or "shall prove to be" anything that is necessary for his people is also described in Talmud, and other places in the Bible.

The name itself (YHWH/YHVH/JHWH/JHVH) is considered to be the causative form of the Hebrew word (hawah) and thus means "he causes to become". This describes YHWH as a God who fulfills promises, and he will become whatever he needs to be in order to accomplish his purposes.

It is therefore appropriate that the name is described as an "awesome name" in Deut. 28:58.